It is the first time that the Ministry of Health has set up a Committee for establishing a new Education/Training System in Urology along with a Specialty Degree/ Certification Exam System. The Committee has taken into account the proposal that the Hellenic Urological Association had submitted and processed in the past. In addition, a new Law is coming to bring changes in Continuing Education/Training and Scientific Societies. So, what is changing in Urology Education & Training? What are the eligibility criteria for a candidate to take the exams and get the specialty degree? How will Residents be examined? Which Medical Departments will be accredited to provide certification for a specialty degree? What is the new role of Scientific Societies? Based on what criteria will bodies providing Continuing Education/Training be selected?