Dysuria is the difficulty in urinating and is usually accompanied with pain. It may occur at the onset of or during the process of micturition which is usually intermittent. As a result, micturition has a prolonged duration. The etiology may involve many causes, such as:


  • Prostate hypertrophy
  • Urinary tract infections (UTI)
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Urinary stones
  • Bladder cancer
  • Perinatal injuries
  • Vaginitis
  • Prostatitis 
  • Radiotherapy to the bladder area (e.g. for  uterine cervix cancer)